About Mongolia

An Untouched Place to Discover — Mongolia

Mongolia is an absolute delight to explore and the sort of country that naturalists dream about. With the world's lowest population density and second largest landlocked country, occupies an area of 1.56 million square kilometers, lies between Russia and China. Ulaanbaatar is Mongolian capital and largest city, home to approx. 47% of total population.

Mongolia is a unique adventure destination where travellers can discover an authentic nomadic lifestyle that co-exists with rapidly changing development throughout the country, huge tracts of pristine landscape, varied ecosystems and abundant fauna and flora. Mongolia is rightfully considered to hold the last bastion of unspoiled land in Asia. Therefore, the country has a large number of ethnic groups and most of them are nomads, living and herding their livestock in the wide-open space. Mongolian nomadic hospitality is amazing and their door always open for visitors who are willing to visit and stay in their traditional felt yurt (Ger) to experience a nomadic way of life. Mongolia is the land of marvels and waiting to be discovered.

Festival & Events

Golden Eagle Festival

 Hunting with golden eagle is mainly practiced only in the western regions of Mongolia. The experience of wild birds training was gained by Kazakh kusbegi "hunter" by centuries. Anually, three or two different eagle festivals are celebrated in September and October in the western Mongolia and the biggest festival features about 300 eagle hunters, usually takes place during the first week of October. During the falconry festival, the actual course of hunting, graceful movement of eagles, emotions and passions of the hunters are displayed and challenge the hunting masters with their eagles.

Eagle Festival Tour

Naadam Festival

Naadam known as three manly sports is another popular celebration that marks a republic revolution of Mongolia. It features wrestling, horse racing and archery, such as: Mongolian traditional wrestling is quite unique than other wrestling types, because weight deviation is not taken into consideration, thousands of a horse race at the same time without special tracks and archers compete in three categories, with both men and women allowed to participate in two categories.

Naadam Festival Tour

Mongolian Lunar New Year

Some of Mongolian most notable celebrations include Tsagaan Sar “Lunar New Year”. On Lunar New Year itself, people make many short visits to their relatives. Each time, special rituals are followed. The guests must ask the hostess, “Are you living in Peace?” Elders kiss guest’s cheeks, the guests are given some gifts, and serves plenty of steamed meat dumplings, milk tea and airag "horse fermented milk".

Tsagaan Sar Tour

Camel Polo

Camel Polo Championship is an annual winter competition in the Mongolian gobi desert for the bactrain camel conservation and it includes camel race, camel polo and some traditional performances. It is usually celebrated between February and March, challenging more than 400 local contestants from South Gobi and Bayankhongor provinces.

Camel Festival Tour

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Mongolia Food & Beverage

Mongolian Dish

 Mongolian dish predominantly consists of dairy products, meat, and only a few kinds of vegetables. The most common rural cuisines are Horhog & Boodog, Mongolian type of Chow Mein “Tsuivan” and steamed & fried meat dumplings—“buuz” & “huushuur” are quite popular. The extreme continental climate of Mongolia has influenced the traditional diet.    

Suutei tsai — milk tea with salt

Allover Mongolians enjoy suitei tsai, made from milk steeped inferior tea leaves. The tea is very important for Mongolians and when they receive guests they have to treat them with suutei tsai first with a hospitality bowl filled with snacks.

Airag — Horse fermented milk

Mongolians have a long tradition of drinking fermented horse milk. Mongolian nomads make two kinds of alcoholic beverages from milk, one is called as airag known as koumiss, contains over 3 percent of alcohol and milk vodka “shimiin arkhi”, which is distilled from  yogurt and contains 16 or maybe more  percent of alcohol depending on the season or the way to make

Buuz & Huushuur — steamed and fried meat dumplings

Stuffed meat with salt, garlic, onion and dill places inside the flattened dough in a circle and folds the dough in a flat half-circle and closes the flat dough by pinching the edges together and fries them in deep oil until the dough turns a golden yellow. The Khuushuur is then served hot, and can be eaten by hand. Making buuz is quite same as huushuur. The meat is prepared in the same way and cooked in a flat dough, the principal difference being that buuz is steamed instead of fried.

Horhog & Boodog — Mongolian barbeque

Boodog is usually marmot or goat, cooked with reddish hot stones in its own skin while Horhog , mutton or goat roasted on hot stones in a metal container. The boodog is more traditional and unique way to cook meat such as seasoned meat, including the liver and kidneys, stuffs it back into the animal skin with hot stones and vegetables, and reseals the neck part and cook it about an hour.

For vegetarians & vegans

The Mongolian traditional cuisine consists mostly of meat and dairies, but our tours can offer vegetarian and vegan foods for the travellers depending on their diet.

Join us on our exciting culinary tours and let us know about your diet in advance!

General Information

Population 3,170,247 people
Territory 1,564,116 square km(603.908 sq mi)
Average altitude 1,580m above sea-level
Lowest point Khoh Nuur 560m above sea level
Highest point Mt. Khuiten 4,374m above sea level
Demographics Khalkha mongols (86%), kazaks (6%), and others
Language Mongolian, Kazakh, Russian
Religions Buddhism, Shamanism, Muslim and Christian
Literacy rate 87.9%
Climate Avg summer temp., +23C, avg winter    temp., -28C, avg rainfall 200-220 mm
Political System Parliamentary republic, President- Bat-Tulga Khaltmaa
Legislature State Great Khural (Parliament), unicameral with 76 members.
National Currency Tugruk (MNT), about MNT 2654 = USD 1 (by Nov 2019)

Short Breaks

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